APOSTILLE



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THE HAGUE APOSTILLE

The apostille convention or simply endorsement, is a simplified method or legalization of documents in order to verify the authenticity in the international arena. Physically consists of a sheet that is added (attached to reverse or on an additional page) documents the competent authority stamp on a copy of the public document. It was introduced as an alternative method to legalization for the Hague Convention dated October 5, 1961.

In some countries, like Spain, the apostille can be obtained electronically (e-app), replacing the handwritten signature of public documents annotated by a valid certificate or electronic signature in accordance with international standards.

In these cases usually there is an electronic register of Apostilles (e-register), which replaces the traditional manual file of apostilles for an electronic record of contrast that allows timely monitoring of endnotes actually issued.


MEMBERS OF THE HAGUE CONVENTION

There are currently 102 members of the Apostille Convention:

Albania
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria
China (only Hong Kong and Macau)
Cyprus
Costa Rica
Colombia
Croacia
Denmark


Turkey
Ucraine
Venezuela
Ecuador
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
United States
Estonia
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
India


Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Mauritius
Mexico
Monaco
Montenegro
Nicaragua
Norway
New Zealand
Netherlands


Panama
Peru
Poland
Portugal
United Kingdom
Czech Republic
Dominican Republic
Macedonia
Romania
Russia
Serbia
South Africa
South Corea
Suriname
Sweden
Switzerland


COUNTRIES NON-MEMBERS OF THE HAGUE ORGANIZATION AND THAT ARE NOT PART OF THE CONVENTION


Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Botswana
Brunei
Cape Verde


Dominica
El Salvador
Fiyi
Granada
Honduras
Kazakhstan
Kirghistan
Lesotho
Liberia
Liechtenstein


Malawi
Cook Islands
Marshall Islands
Moldavia
Mongolia
Namibia
Niue
Oman
San Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia


Saint Vicent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
São Tomé and Príncipe
Seychelles
Swaziland
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay
Vanuatu